PhilSci Archive

Autism and the Pseudoscience of Mind

LaCroix, Travis (2023) Autism and the Pseudoscience of Mind. [Preprint]

[img]
Preview
Text
LaCroix - Autism and the Pseudoscience of Mind - Preprint - 04 Dec 2023.pdf

Download (378kB) | Preview

Abstract

This paper critically examines the theory-of-mind-deficit explanation of autism—a cognitive explanation of autistic behaviour that has significantly influenced empirical research and philosophical discourse surrounding autism. However, the claim that autistics lack a theory of mind is false. Part of the purpose of this paper is to describe how. First, a theory-of-mind deficit is inadequate as an explanatory model. Second, prior research has demonstrated the empirical failures of experiments intended to measure theory-of-mind abilities. These facts together suggest that the science of theory of mind in the context of autism is bad science. I argue that it is pseudoscience. This view has important consequences for philosophers who uncritically invoke autism (qua theory-of-mind deficit) as a thought experiment.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
LaCroix, Travistlacroix@dal.ca0000-0002-1724-3434
Additional Information: This article is part of the research project, "Philosophy on the Spectrum: The Philosophy of Autism and Autistic Philosophy", which is supported in part by funding from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council.
Keywords: Autism, Theory of Mind, Pseudoscience, Demarcation, Neurodiversity, Double Empathy, Monotropism, Philosophy of Autism, Autistic Philosophy, Philosophy on the Spectrum
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Psychology
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Theory/Observation
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Dr. Travis LaCroix
Date Deposited: 06 Dec 2023 02:48
Last Modified: 06 Dec 2023 02:48
Item ID: 22817
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Psychology
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Theory/Observation
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 4 December 2023
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22817

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item