PhilSci Archive

Revisiting Stance Voluntarism: In Defense of an Active Stance Pluralism

Bhakthavatsalam, Sindhuja (2023) Revisiting Stance Voluntarism: In Defense of an Active Stance Pluralism. [Preprint]

This is the latest version of this item.

[img]
Preview
Text
Stance paper - Final.pdf

Download (432kB) | Preview

Abstract

Bas van Fraassen’s stance voluntarism has raised the question of how to justify one’s own stance choice if one is to follow the voluntarist dictum that all rational stances, i.e. all those that don’t lead to ‘self-sabotage by one’s own lights’, are equally rational. van Fraassen’s response is that one justifies their stance choice based on one’s own values, but the problem is that those values only appeal to holders of the said stance and not others. In this paper I propose a pragmatist approach to justifying stance choice. I argue that we can provide stance-transcendent justification for our choice of stance based on its stance-transcendent benefits. Consequently, multiple stances having stance-transcendent benefits should all be embraced as it is the epistemically virtuous thing to do. I advocate a move away from the standard voluntarist position of being a stance monist in practice – i.e. defending and holding only one stance – while acknowledging other rational stances only begrudgingly. I defend an active stance pluralism where we strive to actively hold different (apparently conflicting) stances depending on the context. Where that’s not possible, I propose that we should at least enthusiastically encourage multiple stances (taken by others). In Section 1 I introduce epistemic stances via a discussion of stance empiricism and stance scientific realism. In Section 2 I discuss the problem of stance justification and explore a few different existing teleological proposals for stance choice. Finally in Section 3 based on numerous examples from science and philosophy, I argue for a pragmatic, active, normative stance pluralism. I conclude with some clarifications on the rationale behind active stance pluralism.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Bhakthavatsalam, Sindhujasbhakthav@csun.edu0000-0002-1156-1669
Keywords: Voluntarism, Epistemic Stances, Pragmatism, Pluralism, Empiricism, Metaphysics, Scientific Realism, Scientific Practice
Subjects: General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Theory Change
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Sindhuja Bhakthavatsalam
Date Deposited: 13 Nov 2023 03:35
Last Modified: 14 Nov 2023 00:59
Item ID: 22760
Subjects: General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Theory Change
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2023
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22760

Available Versions of this Item

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item