PhilSci Archive

Perspectives on Scientific Error

van Ravenzwaaij, Don and Bakker, Marjan and Heesen, Remco and Romero, Felipe and van Dongen, Noah and Crüwell, Sophia and Field, Sarahanne and Held, Leonard and Munafò, Marcus and Pittelkow, Merle-Marie and Tiokhin, Leonid and Traag, Vincent and van den Akker, Olmo and van 't Veer, Anna and Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan (2023) Perspectives on Scientific Error. Royal Society Open Science, 10 (7). p. 230448. ISSN 2054-5703

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Abstract

Theoretical arguments and empirical investigations indicate that a high proportion of published findings do not replicate and are likely false. The current position paper provides a broad perspective on scientific error, which may lead to replication failures. This broad perspective focuses on reform history and on opportunities for future reform. We organize our perspective along four main themes: institutional reform, methodological reform, statistical reform and publishing reform. For each theme, we illustrate potential errors by narrating the story of a fictional researcher during the research cycle. We discuss future opportunities for reform. The resulting agenda provides a resource to usher in an era that is marked by a research culture that is less error-prone and a scientific publication landscape with fewer spurious findings.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
van Ravenzwaaij, Don
Bakker, Marjan
Heesen, Remcor.heesen@lse.ac.uk0000-0003-3823-944X
Romero, Felipec.f.romero@rug.nl0000-0002-0858-7243
van Dongen, Noahn.n.n.vandongen@uva.nl0000-0003-0387-7388
Crüwell, Sophiaslbc2@cam.ac.uk0000-0003-4178-5820
Field, Sarahanne
Held, Leonard
Munafò, Marcus
Pittelkow, Merle-Marie
Tiokhin, Leonid
Traag, Vincent
van den Akker, Olmo
van 't Veer, Anna
Wagenmakers, Eric-Jan
Keywords: Methodology; Meta-science; Institutional reform; Publishing; Scientific error
Subjects: General Issues > Ethical Issues
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science Education
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Specific Sciences > Psychology > Social Psychology
Depositing User: Remco Heesen
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2023 18:59
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2023 19:57
Item ID: 22462
Journal or Publication Title: Royal Society Open Science
Publisher: The Royal Society of London
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.230448
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1098/rsos.230448
Subjects: General Issues > Ethical Issues
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science Education
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Specific Sciences > Psychology > Social Psychology
Date: 2023
Page Range: p. 230448
Volume: 10
Number: 7
ISSN: 2054-5703
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22462

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