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Epistemology of ignorance: the contribution of philosophy to the science-policy interface of marine biosecurity

Schwenkenbecker, Anne and Hewitt, Chad and Heesen, Remco and Campbell, Marnie and Fritsch, Oliver and Knight, Andrew and Nash, Erin (2023) Epistemology of ignorance: the contribution of philosophy to the science-policy interface of marine biosecurity. Frontiers in Marine Science, 10. pp. 1-5. ISSN 2296-7745

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Abstract

Marine ecosystems are under increasing pressure from human activity, yet successful management relies on knowledge. The evidence-based policy (EBP) approach has been promoted on the grounds that it provides greater transparency and consistency by relying on ‘high quality’ information. However, EBP also creates epistemic responsibilities. Decision-making where limited or no empirical evidence exists, such as is often the case in marine systems, creates epistemic obligations for new information acquisition. We argue that philosophical approaches can inform the science-policy interface. Using marine biosecurity examples, we specifically examine the epistemic challenges in the acquisition and acceptance of evidence to inform policy, discussing epistemic due care and biases in consideration of evidence.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Schwenkenbecker, AnneA.Schwenkenbecher@murdoch.edu.au
Hewitt, Chad
Heesen, Remcor.heesen@lse.ac.uk0000-0003-3823-944X
Campbell, Marnie
Fritsch, Oliver
Knight, Andrew
Nash, Erin
Keywords: Invasion ecology; Bias; Evidence; Obligation; Uncertainty
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
General Issues > Decision Theory
Specific Sciences > Environmental Science
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Remco Heesen
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2023 19:00
Last Modified: 30 Aug 2023 19:53
Item ID: 22461
Journal or Publication Title: Frontiers in Marine Science
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1178949
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.3389/fmars.2023.1178949
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
General Issues > Decision Theory
Specific Sciences > Environmental Science
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2023
Page Range: pp. 1-5
Volume: 10
ISSN: 2296-7745
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22461

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