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A Part-Dependent Account of Biological Individuality for Multispecies Consortia

Suárez, Javier (2023) A Part-Dependent Account of Biological Individuality for Multispecies Consortia. Artefactos. Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnolog�a, 12 (1). pp. 55-78. ISSN 1989-3612

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Abstract

This article introduces and defends a part-dependent ontology to conceive of biological individuality in conglomerates formed by organisms of multiple species. According to the part-dependent ontology, the characterization of a set or conglomerate of independent taxa as a biological individual must be based on the relationship that a specific part of that set maintains with the rest, the relationship that the rest of the parts of the set maintain with that specific part being irrelevant. Moreover, it is argued that the biological dependency relationships between the parts of a set can be asymmetric, without this affecting the attribution of individuality to said set. It is also pointed out that such a part-dependent characterization is valid not only for ideas of individuality based on evolution, but also for those based on physiology, or immunology, among others. This makes part-dependent ontology compatible with pluralism over biological individuality.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Suárez, Javierjavier.suarez@uniovi.es0000-0001-5851-2277
Keywords: organism; biological individual; symbiosis; inductive metaphysics.
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Depositing User: Dr Javier Suárez
Date Deposited: 12 Aug 2023 11:58
Last Modified: 12 Aug 2023 11:58
Item ID: 22398
Journal or Publication Title: Artefactos. Revista de estudios sobre la ciencia y la tecnolog�a
Publisher: University of Salamanca Editions
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.14201/art20231215578
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Developmental Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Natural Kinds
Date: 30 April 2023
Page Range: pp. 55-78
Volume: 12
Number: 1
ISSN: 1989-3612
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22398

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