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A Scientometric Approach to the Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Entrenched Biomedical Standardisation and Citation-Exemplar

Yan, Karen and Tsai, Meng-Li and Huang, Tsung-Ren (2023) A Scientometric Approach to the Integrated History and Philosophy of Science: Entrenched Biomedical Standardisation and Citation-Exemplar. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Is Kuhn’s notion of exemplar applicable to ongoing biomedical sciences? Many philosophers may be skeptical because Kuhn’s cases are mostly from physics and chemistry. However, how do philosophers test the above (non-)applicability directly? We will use examples to illustrate a scientometric approach to the integrated history and philosophy of science (SciHPS) and argue that SciHPS can provide an empirical basis to empirically test and revise a philosophical concept questioned for its applicability to biomedical sciences. This paper will build on Yan, K., M. L. Tsai, and T. R. Huang. [2021. “Improving the Quality of Case-Based Research in the Philosophy of Contemporary Sciences.” Synthese 198 (10): 9591–9610. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-020-02657-5] heart-rate variability (HRV) case study to examine the biomedical changes within the HRV community from 1970 to 2022. We will investigate how a task force standardises and entrenches methodological standardisations, and argue that some of the task force’s methodological standardisations are tool-afforded by an algorithm. These tool-afforded aspects further explain why an HRV method is robustly dominant in the HRV community despite other HRV scholars having developed alternatives to compete with the dominant one. We will then show how to use SciHPS to empirically test and revise the Kuhnian concept of exemplar into a concept of citation-exemplar that better captures the above tool-afforded aspects of standardisations.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Yan, Karenkarenyan@nycu.edu.tw0000-0002-2788-8420
Tsai, Meng-Li
Huang, Tsung-Ren
Keywords: Heart-rate variability; biomedical; scientometrics; kuhn; exemplar; citation; standardisation; tool- afforded; fast Fourier transform
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Sociology
General Issues > Technology
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Dr. Karen Yan
Date Deposited: 08 Aug 2023 13:31
Last Modified: 08 Aug 2023 13:31
Item ID: 22380
Journal or Publication Title: International Studies in the Philosophy of Science
Publisher: Routledge: Francis and Taylor
Official URL: https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/full/10.1080/02698...
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Sociology
General Issues > Technology
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 8 August 2023
ISSN: 0269-8595
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22380

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