PhilSci Archive

Back by popular demand, ontology Productive tensions between anthropological and philosophical approaches to ontology

Turska, Julia J. and Ludwig, David (2023) Back by popular demand, ontology Productive tensions between anthropological and philosophical approaches to ontology. [Preprint]

[img] Text
REVISION_3_blinded final.docx

Download (119kB)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze relations between ontology in anthropology and philosophy beyond simple homonymy or synonymy and show how this diagnosis allows for new interdisciplinary links and insights, while minimizing the risk of cross-disciplinary equivocation. We introduce the ontological turn in anthropology as an intellectual project rooted in the critique of dualism of culture and nature and propose a classification of the literature we reviewed into first-order claims about the world and second-order claims about ontological frameworks. Next, rather than provide a strict definition of ontology in anthropological literature, we argue that the term is used as a heuristic addressing a web of sub-concepts relating to interpretation, knowledge, and self-determination which correspond to methodological, epistemic, and political considerations central to the development of the ontological turn. We present a case study of rivers as persons to demonstrate what the ontological paradigm in anthropology amounts to in practice. Finally, in an analysis facilitated by a parallel between the first- and second-order claims in anthropology, and ontology and meta-ontology in philosophy (respectively), we showcase the potential for contribution of ontological anthropology to contemporary philosophical debates, such as ontological gerrymandering, relativism and social ontology, and vice versa.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Turska, Julia J.julia.turska@wur.nl0000-0002-1602-7799
Ludwig, Daviddavidundludwig@gmail.com0000-0002-2010-5120
Keywords: ontological turn, philosophy of anthropology, rights of nature, ontological gerrymandering, relativism, social ontology
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Anthropology
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Depositing User: Ms. Julia J. Turska
Date Deposited: 27 Jun 2023 13:10
Last Modified: 27 Jun 2023 13:10
Item ID: 22252
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Anthropology
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Date: 27 June 2023
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22252

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item