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After the difference between argument and explanation

Gascón, José Ángel (2023) After the difference between argument and explanation. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 38 (1). pp. 87-105. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

Arguments and explanations are two kinds of speech that have not always been properly distinguished. Currently, emphasis has been placed, both in the pedagogy of science and in argumentation studies, on the necessity of differentiating them in order to properly grasp the nature of explanations and arguments. Demarcation criteria between both of them have been most explicitly proposed in argumentation theory. However, here I will argue that the criteria that are typically used in argumentation theory to distinguish between an argument and an explanation (which I call the “standard distinction”) suffer from several problems. On the one hand, in certain relevant cases the criteria provide no guidance or yield questionable results. On the other hand, the criteria of distinction have been limited to the domain of theoretical argumentation, ignoring the peculiarities of the practical domain.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Gascón, José Ángeljgascon@um.es0000-0001- 5571-660
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: argument, argumentation theory, epistemic reasons, explanation, informal logic, reasons for action
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Action
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email theoria@ehu.es
Date Deposited: 23 Jun 2023 12:15
Last Modified: 23 Jun 2023 12:15
Item ID: 22238
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: https://ojs.ehu.eus/index.php/THEORIA/article/view...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1387/theoria.23752
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Action
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Date: 2023
Page Range: pp. 87-105
Volume: 38
Number: 1
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22238

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