PhilSci Archive

To Be Scientific Is To Be Communist

Bright, Liam Kofi and Heesen, Remco (2023) To Be Scientific Is To Be Communist. Social Epistemology, 37 (3). pp. 249-258. ISSN 0269-1728

[img]
Preview
Text
Bright Heesen 2023 To be Scientific is to be Communist (Social Epistemology).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons Attribution Non-commercial No Derivatives.

Download (573kB) | Preview

Abstract

What differentiates scientific research from non-scientific inquiry? Philosophers addressing this question have typically been inspired by the exalted social place and intellectual achievements of science. They have hence tended to point to some epistemic virtue or methodological feature of science that sets it apart. Our discussion on the other hand is motivated by the case of commercial research, which we argue is distinct from (and often epistemically inferior to) academic research. We consider a deflationary view in which science refers to whatever is regarded as epistemically successful, but find that this does not leave room for the important notion of scientific error and fails to capture distinctive social elements of science. This leads us to the view that a demarcation criterion should be a widely upheld social norm without immediate epistemic connotations. Our tentative answer is the communist norm, which calls on scientists to share their work widely for public scrutiny and evaluation.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Bright, Liam Kofiliamkbright@gmail.com0000-0001-5450-8748
Heesen, Remcor.heesen@lse.ac.uk0000-0003-3823-944X
Keywords: Philosophy of science; Demarcation problem; Communist norm; Commercial research
Subjects: General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Depositing User: Remco Heesen
Date Deposited: 16 Jun 2023 13:42
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2023 14:09
Item ID: 22214
Journal or Publication Title: Social Epistemology
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2022.2156308
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1080/02691728.2022.2156308
Subjects: General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Date: 23 January 2023
Page Range: pp. 249-258
Volume: 37
Number: 3
ISSN: 0269-1728
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22214

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Altmetric.com

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item