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Scientific Disagreements, Fast Science and Higher-Order Evidence

Friedman, Daniel and Šešelja, Dunja (2023) Scientific Disagreements, Fast Science and Higher-Order Evidence. Philosophy of Science. ISSN 1539-767X

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Abstract

Scientific disagreements are an important catalyst for scientific progress. But what happens when scientists disagree amidst times of crisis, when we need quick yet reliable policy guidance? In this paper we provide a normative account for how
scientists facing disagreement in the context of ‘fast science’ should respond, and how policy makers should evaluate such disagreement. Starting from an argumentative, pragma-dialectic account of scientific controversies, we argue for the importance of ‘higher-order evidence’ (HOE) and we specify desiderata for scientifically relevant HOE. We use our account to analyze the controversy about the aerosol transmission of COVID-19.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Friedman, Danieldfried3@stanford.edu
Šešelja, Dunjadunja.seselja@rub.de
Subjects: General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Theory Change
Depositing User: Dr. Dunja Šešelja
Date Deposited: 03 Jun 2023 12:11
Last Modified: 03 Jun 2023 12:11
Item ID: 22184
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy of Science
Publisher: Cambridge University Press
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1017/psa.2023.83
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1017/psa.2023.83
Subjects: General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Theory Change
Date: 29 May 2023
ISSN: 1539-767X
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/22184

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