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Natural Law, the Modeling Relation, and Two Roots of Perspectivism

Weckström, Markus (2023) Natural Law, the Modeling Relation, and Two Roots of Perspectivism. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Scientific perspectivism, or perspectival realism, is a view according to which scientific knowledge is neither utterly objective nor independent of the world “as it is”, but always tied to some particular ways of conceptualization and interaction with Nature. In the present paper, I employ Robert Rosen’s concept of the modeling relation for arguing that there are two basic reasons why our knowledge of natural systems is perspectival in this sense. The first of these pertains to the dualism between a system and its environment, which is necessarily imposed by a scientist focusing on the former. The second pertains to the complexity of complex systems; a complex system understood as a system in which different kinds of causal entailments intertwine together. As I discuss in the paper besides developing the argument, perspectivism thus understood ties together several issues ranging from organicism to emergentism and to processual philosophy, and from the ceteris paribus talk of biology to the measurement problem of quantum mechanics. I also discuss Rosen’s relational formalisms as a concrete example of how perspectival epistemology might directly suggest novel strategies and practices of doing theoretical science.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Weckström, Markusmarkus.weckstrom@helsinki.fi
Additional Information: Accepted for publication in Synthese
Keywords: perspectivism; perspectival realism; Robert Rosen; organicism; complex systems
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Models and Idealization
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
Depositing User: Mr Markus Weckström
Date Deposited: 13 Feb 2023 14:24
Last Modified: 13 Feb 2023 14:24
Item ID: 21750
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Models and Idealization
General Issues > Realism/Anti-realism
Date: 2023
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21750

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