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Kripke’s Gödel case: Descriptive ambiguity and its experimental interpretation

Ding, Chao and Liu, Chuang (2022) Kripke’s Gödel case: Descriptive ambiguity and its experimental interpretation. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 37 (3). pp. 291-308. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

Kripke has taken the Gödel case as a counterexample for reference descriptivism. Machery et al. question the validity of Kripke’s case and had conducted empirical studies to show its inadequacy. Experimental data suggest intuitions on this matter vary both across and within cultures. However, there is a descriptive ambiguity, we argue, in Kripke’s Gödel case, for people associate different types of descriptions with proper names, such as the description of brute facts and the description of social facts. We argue in this paper with experimental data that the descriptive ambiguity exists and affects the actual ratio of Kripkeans in reference. This result flaws Machery et al.’s interpretation on empirical research, but does not challenge their claim on cross-cultural divergence. In fact, there are more East Asian descriptivists than Machery et al. expected.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Ding, Chaodc121788560@gmail.com000-0001-7852-7492
Liu, Chuang
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: Semantic intuitions, Proper names, Reference, Institutional fact, Gödel case, Kripke
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email theoria@ehu.es
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2023 16:45
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2023 16:45
Item ID: 21728
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: https://ojs.ehu.eus/index.php/THEORIA/article/view...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1387/theoria.23375
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Date: September 2022
Page Range: pp. 291-308
Volume: 37
Number: 3
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21728

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