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Beyond the divide between indigenous and academic knowledge: Causal and mechanistic explanations in a Brazilian fishing community

El-Hani, Charbel and Ludwig, David and Poliseli, Luana (2022) Beyond the divide between indigenous and academic knowledge: Causal and mechanistic explanations in a Brazilian fishing community. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science, 91. pp. 296-306.

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Abstract

Transdisciplinary research challenges the divide between Indigenous and academic knowledge by bringing
together epistemic resources of heterogeneous stakeholders. The aim of this article is to explore causal explanations
in a traditional fishing community in Brazil that provide resources for transdisciplinary collaboration,
without neglecting differences between Indigenous and academic experts. Semi-structured interviews were carried
out in a fishing village in the North shore of Bahia and our findings show that community members often rely
on causal explanations for local ecological phenomena with different degrees of complexity. While these results
demonstrate the ecological expertise of local community members, we also argue that recognition of local
expertise needs to reflect on differences between epistemic communities by developing a culturally sensitive
model of transdisciplinary knowledge negotiation.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
El-Hani, Charbel
Ludwig, David
Poliseli, Luana
Keywords: Ethnobiology; Ecology; Indigenous Knowledge; Mechanistic Explanations;
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
General Issues > Explanation
Depositing User: Dr David Ludwig
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2023 17:43
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2023 17:43
Item ID: 21648
Journal or Publication Title: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science
Publisher: Elsevier
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Ecology/Conservation
General Issues > Explanation
Date: 2022
Page Range: pp. 296-306
Volume: 91
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21648

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