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Scientific Explanation as Ampliative, Specialized Embedding: The Case of Classical Genetics

Lorenzano, Pablo and Díez, José (2022) Scientific Explanation as Ampliative, Specialized Embedding: The Case of Classical Genetics. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Explanations in genetics have intriguing aspects to both biologists and philosophers, and there is no account that satisfactorily elucidates such explanations. The aim of this article is to analyze the kind of explanations usually given in Classical (Transmission) Genetics (CG) and to present in detail the application of an account of explanation as ampliative, specialized nomological embedding to elucidate such explanations. First, we present explanations in CG in the classical format of inferences with the explanans as the premises and the explanandum as the conclusion and compare them with explanations in other paradigmatic explanatory fields such as Classical Mechanics. Second, we summarize the main aspects discussed in the literature with regard to the peculiarities of genetic explanations. Third, we introduce the account of scientific explanation as ampliative, specialized nomological embedding making use of Sneedian structuralism, in particular the notions of theory-net, fundamental law or guiding principle, specialization, and special laws. Finally, we apply this account to the case of CG and show that this analysis sheds light on the intriguing aspects of genetic explanations and removes most of their alleged oddities.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Lorenzano, Pablopablo.lorenzano@gmail.com0000-0002-6047-6313
Díez, Josédiez.ja@gmail.com0000-0002-1082-6020
Additional Information: To appear in Synthese.
Keywords: Classical Genetics, laws, explanation, structuralism, models, embedding
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Models and Idealization
General Issues > Structure of Theories
Depositing User: Dr. Pablo Lorenzano
Date Deposited: 20 Nov 2022 21:53
Last Modified: 20 Nov 2022 21:53
Item ID: 21454
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Models and Idealization
General Issues > Structure of Theories
Date: 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21454

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