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Free-Viewing as Experimental System to Test the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis: A Case of Theory-Generative Experimental Practice

Garrido Wainer, Juan Manuel and Hirmas Montecinos, Natalia and Espinosa-Cristia, Juan Felipe and Trujillo Osorio, Nicolás (2020) Free-Viewing as Experimental System to Test the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis: A Case of Theory-Generative Experimental Practice. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Theory-free characterizations of experimental systems miss normative and conceptual components that sometimes are crucial to understanding their historical development. In the following paper, we show that these components may be part of the intrinsic capacities of experimental systems themselves. We study a case of non-exploratory and theory-oriented research in experimental neuroscience that concerns the construction of free-viewing as an experimental system to test one particular pre-existing hypothesis, the Temporal Correlation Hypothesis (TCH), at a laboratory in Santiago de Chile, during 2002-2008. We show that the system does not take well-formulated pre-existing predictions or hypotheses to test them directly, but re-creates them and re-signifies them in terms that are not implied by the theoretical background from which they originally derived. Therefore, we conclude that there is a sui generis way in which experimental systems produce proper theoretical knowledge.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Garrido Wainer, Juan Manueljgarrido@uahurtado.cl0000-0003-4509-1121
Hirmas Montecinos, Natalia0000-0002-7103-1731
Espinosa-Cristia, Juan Felipe0000-0002-5629-6328
Trujillo Osorio, Nicolás0000-0001-8521-2923
Additional Information: To appear in Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part C: Studies in History and Philosophy of Biological and Biomedical Sciences 83:101307
Keywords: experimental systems, hypothesis testing, experimental neuroscience, free viewing, temporal correlation hypothesis
Subjects: General Issues > Experimentation
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
General Issues > Theory Change
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Depositing User: Juan Garrido Wainer
Date Deposited: 12 Nov 2022 13:54
Last Modified: 12 Nov 2022 13:54
Item ID: 21401
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsc.2020.101307
Subjects: General Issues > Experimentation
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
General Issues > Theory Change
General Issues > Theory/Observation
Date: 2020
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21401

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