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Death Sentences: Criminalization, Medicalization, and the Nature of Disease

John, Stephen (2022) Death Sentences: Criminalization, Medicalization, and the Nature of Disease. Philosophy of Medicine, 3 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 2692-3963

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Abstract

There are many analogies between medical and judicial practice. This article explores one such analogy, between “medicalization” and “criminalization.” Specifically, drawing on an analogy between a judge’s speech act of delivering a verdict and a physician’s speech act of giving a diagnosis, it suggests a novel account of the phenomenon of “overdiagnosis.” Using this approach, we can make some headway in understanding debates over the early detection of cancer. The final section outlines the relationship between this approach and familiar debates in philosophy of medicine on the nature of disease and in philosophy of science on the “value-free ideal.”


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
John, Stephensdj22@cam.ac.uk
Keywords: Cancer Overdiagnosis Nature of disease Medicalisation Definition of disease Speech act theory Values in science
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine > Health and Disease
Depositing User: Professor Alex Broadbent
Date Deposited: 26 Sep 2022 19:13
Last Modified: 26 Sep 2022 19:13
Item ID: 21207
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy of Medicine
Publisher: University Library System, University of Pittsburgh
Official URL: https://philmed.pitt.edu/philmed/article/view/48
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.5195/pom.2022.48
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine > Health and Disease
Date: 27 April 2022
Page Range: pp. 1-17
Volume: 3
Number: 1
ISSN: 2692-3963
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21207

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