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A fictionalist account of open label placebo

Hardman, Doug (2022) A fictionalist account of open label placebo. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The placebo effect is now generally defined widely as an individual’s response to the psychosocial context of a clinical treatment, as distinct from the treatment’s characteristic physiological effects. Some researchers, however, argue that such a wide definition leads to confusion and misleading implications. In response, they propose a narrow definition restricted to the therapeutic effects of deliberate placebo treatments. Within the framework of modern medicine, such a scope currently leaves one viable placebo treatment paradigm: the non-deceptive and non-concealed administration of ‘placebo pills’, or open label placebo (OLP) treatment. In this paper I consider how the placebo effect occurs in OLP. I argue that a traditional belief-based account of OLP is paradoxical. Instead, I propose an account based on the non-doxastic attitude of pretence, understood within a fictionalist framework.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Hardman, Dougdihardman@bournemouth.ac.uk0000-0001-6717-2323
Keywords: open label placebo, placebo effect, non-doxastic attitudes, fictionalism, pretence
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Doug Hardman
Date Deposited: 20 Sep 2022 14:31
Last Modified: 20 Sep 2022 14:31
Item ID: 21183
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine
Date: 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21183

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