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Cognitive Variation: The Philosophical Landscape

Ward, Zina B. (2022) Cognitive Variation: The Philosophical Landscape. Philosophy Compass.

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Abstract

We do not all make choices, reason, interpret our experience, or respond to our environment in the same way. A recent surge of scientific interest has thrust these individual differences into the spotlight: researchers in cognitive psychology and neuroscience are now devoting increasing attention to cognitive variation. The philosophical dimensions of this research, however, have yet to be systematically explored. Here I make an initial foray by considering how cognitive variation is characterized. I present a central dilemma facing descriptions of individual differences, discuss several distinctions used to categorize variation, and show that these distinctions require further elaboration. Finally, by canvassing several philosophical topics for which the characterization of cognitive variation may have significant implications, I argue that philosophers should take note of how and why our minds differ.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Ward, Zina B.0000-0003-0160-6656
Keywords: individual differences, variation, cognition, natural kinds, explanation, rationality, multiple realization
Subjects: General Issues > Data
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Psychology > Judgment and Decision Making
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Zina B. Ward
Date Deposited: 26 Aug 2022 23:36
Last Modified: 26 Aug 2022 23:36
Item ID: 21094
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy Compass
Publisher: Wiley
Official URL: https://compass.onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.111...
Subjects: General Issues > Data
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Psychology > Judgment and Decision Making
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21094

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