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Distributing Epistemic and Practical Risks: A Comparative Study of Communicating Earthquake Damages

Yu, Li-an (2022) Distributing Epistemic and Practical Risks: A Comparative Study of Communicating Earthquake Damages. [Preprint]

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Abstract

This paper argues that the value of openness to epistemic plurality and the value of social responsiveness are essential for epistemic agents such as scientists who are expected to carry out non-epistemic missions. My chief philosophical claim is that the two values should play a joint role in their communication about earthquake-related damages when their knowledge claims are advisory. That said, I try to defend a minimal normative account of science in the context of communication. I show that these epistemic agents when acting as communicators may encounter various epistemic and practical uncertainties in making their knowledge claims. Using four vignettes, I show that the value of openness to epistemic plurality and the value of social responsiveness may best serve their epistemic and practical purposes across different contexts by reducing their epistemic and practical risks associated with the knowledge claims they communicated. The former may reduce the risks of prematurely excluding epistemic alternatives and is conducive to two types of epistemic plurality; the latter is supposed to reduce the risks of making self-defeating advisory claims and harmful wishful speaking by minimizing the values in tension that can be embedded in the social roles the epistemic agents play.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Yu, Li-anli-an.yu@uni-bielefeld.de0000-0002-1210-024X
Keywords: science and values; risks; science communication; openness to epistemic plurality; social responsiveness
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Earth Sciences
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Mr. Li-an Yu
Date Deposited: 09 Aug 2022 19:42
Last Modified: 09 Aug 2022 19:42
Item ID: 21033
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Earth Sciences
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/21033

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