PhilSci Archive

TOWARDS AN EPISTEMOLOGY OF NEUROPSYCHIATRIC CONSTRUCTS

Ramirez-Bermudez, Jesus and Atocha, Aliseda and Perez-Gay Juárez, Fernanda (2022) TOWARDS AN EPISTEMOLOGY OF NEUROPSYCHIATRIC CONSTRUCTS. [Preprint]

[img] Text
EPISTEMOLOGY OF NEUROPSYCHIATRIC CONSTRUCTS. 2022.docx

Download (689kB)

Abstract

The purpose of this article is to present an epistemological analysis of neuropsychiatric constructs. We characterize the concept of academic neuropsychiatry: a theoretical and research-based field of interdisciplinary work which is concerned with the full scope of psychopathological phenomena and its relationship with the neurosciences. Then, we define clinical neuropsychiatry as a practical field of medicine operating in the borderline of neurology and psychiatry to care for patients with neuropsychiatric conditions. To explain the logic of neuropsychiatric constructs, we define neurological constructs as well as psychiatric constructs, leading us to conceptualize and to distinguish between the neurological and the psychological, by means of a clarification of seven critical points of debate: structural lesions, physiologic abnormalities, causal agents, behavior, psychological functions, phenomenal experience, and clinical patterns. We discuss the traditional logic of brain-behavior relationships as well as the need for closer academic feedback between neuroscientific research and clinical practice. We argue that some neuropsychiatric cases are well explained by the current science of brain-behavior relationships, but many other cases located at the boundaries of this science require a transdisciplinary approach, including the study of sociocultural contexts and biographic timeline.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Ramirez-Bermudez, Jesusjesusramirezb@yahoo.com.mx0000-0003-2879-5258
Atocha, Alisedaatochaa@gmail.com0000-0003-2706-9844
Perez-Gay Juárez, Fernandafernandapgj@gmail.com0000-0002-8471-7265
Keywords: neurology; psychiatry; neuropsychiatry; neuroscience; psychopathology; phenomenology
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Medicine > Psychiatry
Depositing User: JESUS Jesus Ramirez-Bermudez
Date Deposited: 29 Jul 2022 14:59
Last Modified: 29 Jul 2022 14:59
Item ID: 20965
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Neuroscience
Specific Sciences > Medicine > Psychiatry
Date: 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20965

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item