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The Major Transitions in Evolution: a philosophy-of-science perspective

Okasha, Samir (2022) The Major Transitions in Evolution: a philosophy-of-science perspective. [Preprint]

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Abstract

In the wake of the pioneering works of Buss (1987) and Maynard Smith & Szathmary (1995) and Michod (1999), the study of major evolutionary transitions is now a thriving research program within evolutionary biology. In addition to its obvious scientific interest, this research program raises interesting philosophical questions. These fall into two categories: conceptual and ontological. The former category includes questions about what exactly an evolutionary transition is, what form an evolutionary explanation of a transition should take, and whether a general theory that applies to all transitions is possible. The latter category includes questions about the status of the higher-level units to which evolutionary transitions give rise (e.g. organism, superorganism or individual), and about the nature of the resulting hierarchical organization. Tackling these questions requires an integrative approach that draws on both biology and the philosophy of science.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Okasha, SamirSamir.Okasha@bristol.ac.uk
Keywords: major transitions in evolution, evolutionary biology
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Depositing User: Dr Samir Okasha
Date Deposited: 12 Jul 2022 03:52
Last Modified: 12 Jul 2022 03:52
Item ID: 20870
Official URL: https://www.frontiersin.org/articles/10.3389/fevo....
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Date: 9 July 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20870

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