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Moral Dilemmas for Moral Machines

LaCroix, Travis (2022) Moral Dilemmas for Moral Machines. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Autonomous systems are being developed and deployed in situations that may require some degree of ethical decision-making ability. As a result, research in machine ethics has proliferated in recent years. This work has included using moral dilemmas as validation mechanisms for implementing decision-making algorithms in ethically-loaded situations. Using trolley-style problems in the context of autonomous vehicles as a case study, I argue (1) that this is a misapplication of philosophical thought experiments because (2) it fails to appreciate the purpose of moral dilemmas, and (3) this has potentially catastrophic consequences; however, (4) there are uses of moral dilemmas in machine ethics that are appropriate and the novel situations that arise in a machine-learning context can shed some light on philosophical work in ethics.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
LaCroix, Travistlacroix@dal.ca0000-0002-1724-3434
Keywords: AI Ethics, Moral Dilemmas, Artificial Moral Agency, Thought Experiments
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > AI and Ethics
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
General Issues > Ethical Issues
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > Machine Learning
General Issues > Technology
General Issues > Thought Experiments
Depositing User: Dr. Travis LaCroix
Date Deposited: 14 Mar 2022 03:48
Last Modified: 14 Mar 2022 03:48
Item ID: 20339
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/s43681-022-00134-y
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > AI and Ethics
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
General Issues > Ethical Issues
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence > Machine Learning
General Issues > Technology
General Issues > Thought Experiments
Date: 8 March 2022
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/20339

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