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Learning from scientific disagreement

Borge, Bruno and Lo Guercio, Nicolás (2021) Learning from scientific disagreement. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 36 (3). pp. 375-398. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

The article addresses the question of how should scientific peers revise their beliefs (if at all) upon recognized disagreement. After presenting the basics of peer disagreement in sections 1 and 2, we focus, in section 3, on a concrete case of scientific disagreement, to wit, the dispute over the evidential status of randomized control trials in medical practice. The examination of this case motivates the idea that some scientific disagreements permit a steadfast reaction. In section 4, we support this conclusion by providing a normative argument in the same direction; if we are correct, typical reasons for conciliation are absent in this kind of scientific disagreements.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Borge, Brunobrunojborge@gmail.com0000-0002-1755-9690
Lo Guercio, Nicolásnicolasloguercio@gmail.com0000-0003-4663-9080
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: Epistemology, Peer Disagreement, Scientific Disagreement, Evidence Based Medicine
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine > Clinical Trials
General Issues > Evidence
Specific Sciences > Medicine
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email theoria@ehu.es
Date Deposited: 09 Dec 2021 05:02
Last Modified: 09 Dec 2021 05:02
Item ID: 19999
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: https://ojs.ehu.eus/index.php/THEORIA/article/view...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1387/theoria.21967
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Medicine > Clinical Trials
General Issues > Evidence
Specific Sciences > Medicine
General Issues > Rhetoric of Science
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Date: September 2021
Page Range: pp. 375-398
Volume: 36
Number: 3
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19999

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