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Mathematics Embodied: Merleau-Ponty on Geometry and Algebra as Fields of Motor Enaction

Halák, Jan (2021) Mathematics Embodied: Merleau-Ponty on Geometry and Algebra as Fields of Motor Enaction. [Preprint]

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Abstract

This paper aims to clarify Merleau-Ponty’s contribution to an embodied-enactive account of mathematical cognition. I first identify the main points of interest in the current discussions of embodied higher cognition and explain how they relate to Merleau-Ponty and his sources, in particular Husserl’s late works. Subsequently, I explain these convergences in greater detail by more specifically discussing the domains of geometry and algebra and by clarifying the role of gestalt psychology in Merleau-Ponty’s account. Beyond that, I explain how, for Merleau-Ponty, mathematical cognition requires not only the presence and actual manipulation of some concrete perceptible symbols but, more strongly, how it is fundamentally linked to the structural transformation of the concrete configurations of symbolic systems to which these symbols appertain. Furthermore, I fill a gap in the literature by explaining Merleau-Ponty’s claim that these structural transformations are operated through motor intentionality. This makes it possible, in turn, to contrast Merleau-Ponty’s approach to ontologically idealistic and realistic views on mathematical objects. On Merleau-Ponty’s account, mathematical objects are relational entities, that is, gestalts that necessarily imply situated cognizers to whom they afford a specific type of engagement in the world and on whom they depend in their eventual structural transformations. I argue that, by attributing a strongly constitutive role to phenomenal configurations and their motor transformation in mathematical thinking, Merleau-Ponty contributes to clarifying the worldly, historical, and socio-cultural aspects of mathematical truths without compromising what we perceive as their universality, certainty, and necessity.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Halák, Jan0000-0001-8482-7168
Keywords: Merleau-Ponty; phenomenology; enactivism; higher-order cognition; motor intentionality; mathematical reasoning
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Epistemology
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Foundations
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > History of Philosophy
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Proof
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Depositing User: Dr. Jan Halák
Date Deposited: 28 Nov 2021 20:17
Last Modified: 28 Nov 2021 20:17
Item ID: 19948
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Epistemology
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Foundations
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > History of Philosophy
Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Proof
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Date: 2021
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19948

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