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The need for food: the history of the Animal Breeding Research Organisation, before Dolly.

Wiener, Gerald (2021) The need for food: the history of the Animal Breeding Research Organisation, before Dolly. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The Animal Breeding Research Organisation (ABRO) was formed as a result of the recommendations of a joint Committee of the Agricultural Improvement Council and the Agricultural Research Council, set up in 1943, to consider the directions which research in animal genetics and breeding in Great Britain should take to advance scientific knowledge and assist animal production in the farming industry.
The organisation was formally started in 1945 with the appointment of a director and a chief geneticist, but did not begin to appoint other staff and to acquire experimental facilities until 1947 and onwards, when headquarters were set up in Edinburgh
This article places ABRO in its historical and scientific context and proceeds to chart its development over the years. Difficulties of acquiring experimental facilities are explained, but emphasis is placed on the projects that were undertaken, many of a long-term nature, the reasons for them, the problems that arose and the outcomes, many of which continue to be relevant to animal science and production now. The cloning that produced Dolly the sheep came after ABRO had been merged into the Roslin Institute, but the team involved derived from ABRO days.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Wiener, Geraldwiener355@btinternet.com
Keywords: Animal, Breeding, Genetics, Science, History, Edinburgh, ABRO, Dolly, Agriculture, Livestock,
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Depositing User: Dr Gerald Wiener
Date Deposited: 19 Nov 2021 04:49
Last Modified: 19 Nov 2021 04:49
Item ID: 19904
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Molecular Biology/Genetics
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
Date: 5 May 2021
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19904

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