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The many encounters of Thomas Kuhn and French epistemology

Simons, Massimiliano (2017) The many encounters of Thomas Kuhn and French epistemology. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A, 61. pp. 41-50. ISSN 00393681

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Abstract

The work of Thomas Kuhn has been very influential in Anglo-American philosophy of science and it is claimed that it has initiated the historical turn. Although this might be the case for English speaking countries, in France an historical approach has always been the rule. This article aims to investigate the similarities and differences between Kuhn and French philosophy of science or ‘French epistemology’. The first part will argue that he is influenced by French epistemologists, but by lesser known authors than often thought. The second part focuses on the reactions of French epistemologists on Kuhn’s work, which were often very critical. It is argued that behind some superficial similarities there are deep disagreements between Kuhn and French epistemology. This is finally shown by a brief comparison with the reaction of more recent French philosophers of science, who distance themselves from French epistemology and are more positive about Kuhn. Based on these diverse appreciations of Kuhn, a typology of the different positions within the philosophy of science is suggested.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Simons, MassimilianoMassimiliano.simons@gmail.com0000-0001-8751-9152
Keywords: Thomas Kuhn, Historical epistemology, Gaston Bachelard, Michel Foucault, Georges Canguilhem, Louis Althusser, Bruno Latour
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Depositing User: Dr. Massimiliano Simons
Date Deposited: 19 Aug 2021 13:48
Last Modified: 19 Aug 2021 13:48
Item ID: 19457
Journal or Publication Title: Studies in History and Philosophy of Science Part A
Official URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.shpsa.2017.01.004
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Date: 2017
Page Range: pp. 41-50
Volume: 61
ISSN: 00393681
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19457

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