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Concept of the Isotropic Space and Anisotropic Space as principal Methodology to Investigate the Visual Recognition

Tanaka, Junichi (2021) Concept of the Isotropic Space and Anisotropic Space as principal Methodology to Investigate the Visual Recognition. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The mirror problem or mirror reversal has been investigated by scientists of multiple disciplines, including physicists, mathematicians, psychologists, and philosophers, but all answers thus far have some anomaly. Though, enantiomorphism has proved to be the universal condition of the mirror reversal. However, enantiomorphism alone cannot explain any specific mirror reversal in relation to directional notions. We should focus on factors other than the geometric factor to explain any specific case because enantiomorphism is a geometric concept. That implies that the factors required to be clarified should be the optical and epistemological factors. Here, this study clarified that the more detailed optical analysis than ever and highlighting epistemological concepts could resolve the mirror problem. The optical analysis employing the real image, instead of the generally used virtual image, clarified the physical mechanism of the mirror reversal. Further, epistemological analyses, primarily employing the concept of isotropic space of geometry and anisotropic space of perception developed by E. Mach (1905, 1918) and E. Cassirer (1925), clarified cases that cannot be explained by geometric and optical factors only. The result obtained in this study would provide a new methodology to investigate problems of general mirror-related problems and also general visual recognition and general sciences.
Keywords: isotropic space; anisotropic space; mirror problem; mirror reversal; directional notions; virtual image; real image.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Tanaka, Junichijta@nov.email.ne.jp0000-0001-6303-4425
Keywords: isotropic space,anisotropic space,mirror problem,mirror reversal,directional notions,virtual image,real image
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Concepts and Representations
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Consciousness
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Depositing User: Mr Junichi Tanaka
Date Deposited: 01 Aug 2021 13:40
Last Modified: 01 Aug 2021 13:40
Item ID: 19392
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Concepts and Representations
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Consciousness
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Date: 30 July 2021
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19392

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