PhilSci Archive

Non-empirical uncertainties in evidence-based decision making.

Ongaro, Malvina and Andreoletti, Mattia (2021) Non-empirical uncertainties in evidence-based decision making. [Preprint]

[img]
Preview
Text
Non-empirical Uncertainties in Evidence-Based Policy.pdf

Download (238kB) | Preview

Abstract

The increasing success of the evidence-based policy movement is raising the demand of empirically informed decision making. As arguably any policy decision happens under conditions of uncertainty, following our best available evidence to reduce the uncertainty seems a requirement of good decision making. However, not all the uncertainty faced by decision makers can be resolved by evidence. In this paper, we build on a philosophical analysis of uncertainty to identify the boundaries of scientific advice in policy decision making. We start by introducing a distinction between empirical and non-empirical types of uncertainty, and we explore the role of two non-empirical uncertainties in the context of policy making. We argue that the authority of scientific advisors is limited to empirical uncertainty and cannot extend beyond it. While the appeal of evidence-based policy rests on a view of scientific advice as limited to empirical uncertainty, in practice there is a risk of over-reliance on experts beyond the legitimate scope of their authority. We conclude by applying our framework to a real-world case of evidence-based policy, where experts have overstepped their boundaries by ignoring non-empirical types of uncertainty.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Ongaro, MalvinaMalvina.ongaro@uniupo.it0000-0003-3897-4532
Andreoletti, MattiaAndreoletti.mattia@unisr.it0000-0003-1880-0770
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Economics
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: dr mattia andreoletti
Date Deposited: 23 Jul 2021 13:59
Last Modified: 23 Jul 2021 13:59
Item ID: 19353
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Economics
General Issues > Evidence
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2021
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19353

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item