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The Epistemic Consequences of Pragmatic Value-Laden Scientific Inference

Kubiak, Adam P. and Kawalec, Paweł (2021) The Epistemic Consequences of Pragmatic Value-Laden Scientific Inference. European Journal for Philosophy of Science, 11. ISSN 1879-4912

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Abstract

In this work, we explore the epistemic import of the value-ladenness of Neyman-Pearson’s Theory of Testing Hypotheses (N-P) by reconstructing and extending Daniel Steel’s argument for the legitimate influence of pragmatic values on scientific inference. We focus on how to properly understand N-P’s pragmatic value-ladenness and the epistemic reliability of N-P. We develop an account of the twofold influence of pragmatic values on N-P’s epistemic reliability and replicability. We refer to these two distinguished aspects as “direct” and “indirect”. We discuss the replicability of experiments in terms of the indirect aspect and the replicability of outcomes in terms of the direct aspect. We argue that the influence of pragmatic values is beneficial to N-P’s epistemic reliability and replicability indirectly. We show that while the direct influence of pragmatic values can be beneficial, its negative effects on reliability and replicability are also unavoidable in some cases, with the direct and indirect aspects possibly being incongruent.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Kubiak, Adam P.adampkubiak@gmail.com0000-0001-7178-3784
Kawalec, Pawełpawel.kawalec@kul.pl0000-0001-7618-8298
Keywords: frequentism; error; statistical tests; epistemic reliability; replication; values
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Adam Kubiak
Date Deposited: 22 May 2021 21:46
Last Modified: 22 May 2021 21:46
Item ID: 19086
Journal or Publication Title: European Journal for Philosophy of Science
Publisher: Springer
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s13194-0...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/s13194-021-00370-9
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 9 March 2021
Volume: 11
ISSN: 1879-4912
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/19086

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