PhilSci Archive

A note against the use of “belonging to” properties in multilevel selection theory

Jeler, Ciprian (2020) A note against the use of “belonging to” properties in multilevel selection theory. Acta Biotheoretica. ISSN 0001-5342

[img]
Preview
Text
Jeler, 2020, A note against the use of belonging to properties in multilevel selection theory.pdf

Download (197kB) | Preview

Abstract

In this short paper, I argue against what I call the “belonging to” interpretation of group selection in scenarios in which a group’s fitness is defined as the per capita reproductive output of the individuals of the group. According to this interpretation, group selection acts on “belonging to” properties of individuals, i.e. on relational or contextual properties that all the individuals of a group share simply by belonging to that group; thus, if differences in the individuals’ “belonging to” properties cause differences in their fitness, group selection sensu the “belonging to” interpretation is said to be at work. I argue that the main problem with the “belonging to” interpretation is that it confuses evolutionary changes due to differences in environmental quality with evolutionary changes due to selection. In other words, I argue that, in the majority of cases, this interpretation actually takes the “selection” out of the “group selection” notion it aims to interpret: by adopting this perspective, one implicitly commits to explaining the evolutionary change under consideration not by a kind of selection (be it individual or group selection), but by differences in the environmental quality experienced by individual types.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Jeler, Ciprianciprianjeler@yahoo.com0000-0003-0541-9196
Keywords: philosophy of biology; multilevel selection; group selection; “belonging to” properties; contextual analysis; environmental quality
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Depositing User: Dr. Ciprian Jeler
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2020 03:29
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2020 03:29
Item ID: 18038
Journal or Publication Title: Acta Biotheoretica
Publisher: Springer
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10441-0...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/s10441-020-09386-9
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology
Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
Date: July 2020
ISSN: 0001-5342
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/18038

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Altmetric.com

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item