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An ecological approach to disjunctivism

Carvalho, Eros (2019) An ecological approach to disjunctivism. Synthese. ISSN 1573-0964

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Abstract

In this paper I claim that perceptual discriminatory skills rely on a suitable type of environment as an enabling condition for their exercise. This is because of the constitutive connection between environment and perceptual discriminatory skills, inasmuch as such connection is construed from an ecological approach. The exercise of a discriminatory skill yields knowledge of affordances of objects, properties, or events in the surrounding environment. This is practical knowledge in the first-person perspective. An organism learns to perceive an object by becoming sensitized to its affordances. I call this position ecological disjunctivism. A corollary of this position is that a case of perception and its corresponding case of hallucination—which is similar to the former only in some respects—are different in nature. I show then how the distinguishability problem is addressed by ecological disjunctivism.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Carvalho, Eroseros.carvalho@ufrgs.br0000-0001-7267-5662
Keywords: Discriminatory skills, Ecological approach to perception, Disjunctivism, Affordances, Practical knowledge
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Action
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Depositing User: Dr. Eros Carvalho
Date Deposited: 26 Jul 2020 06:17
Last Modified: 26 Jul 2020 06:17
Item ID: 17671
Journal or Publication Title: Synthese
Publisher: Springer (Springer Science+Business Media B.V.)
Official URL: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02253-2
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/s11229-019-02253-2
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Action
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science > Perception
Date: 2019
ISSN: 1573-0964
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17671

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