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The Dynamics of Retraction in Epistemic Networks

LaCroix, Travis and Geil, Anders and O'Connor, Cailin (2020) The Dynamics of Retraction in Epistemic Networks. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Sometimes retracted or thoroughly refuted scientific information is used and propagated long after it is understood to be misleading. Likewise, sometimes retracted news items spread and persist, even after it has been publicly established that they are false. In this paper, we use agent-based models of epistemic networks to explore the dynamics of retraction.In particular, we focus on why false beliefs might persist, even in the face of retraction.Surprisingly, we find that in some cases delaying retraction may increase its impact. We also find that retractions are most successful when issued by the original source of misinformation rather than a separate source.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
LaCroix, Travistlacroix@uci.edu0000-0002-1724-3434
Geil, Andersgeila@uci.edu
O'Connor, Cailincailino@uci.edu
Keywords: retraction, network, epistemology, epistemic community, formal, social epistemology,
Subjects: General Issues > Computer Simulation
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Depositing User: Dr. Cailin O'Connor
Date Deposited: 18 Apr 2020 02:03
Last Modified: 18 Apr 2020 02:03
Item ID: 17088
Subjects: General Issues > Computer Simulation
General Issues > Social Epistemology of Science
Date: 2020
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/17088

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