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What is Epistemically Wrong with Research Affected by Sponsorship Bias? The Evidential Account

Reutlinger, Alexander (2020) What is Epistemically Wrong with Research Affected by Sponsorship Bias? The Evidential Account. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Biased research occurs frequently in the sciences. In this paper, I will focus on one particular kind of biased research: research that is subject to sponsorship bias. I will address the following epistemological question: what precisely is epistemically wrong (that is, unjustified) with biased research of this kind? I will defend the evidential account of epistemic wrongness: that is, research affected by sponsorship bias is epistemically wrong if and only if the researchers in question make false claims about the (degree of) evidential support of some hypothesis H by data E. I will argue that the evidential account captures the epistemic wrongness of three paradigmatic types of sponsorship bias.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Reutlinger, AlexanderAlexander.Reutlinger@lrz.uni-muenchen.de0000-0001-7638-6059
Additional Information: forthcoming in the European Journal for Philosophy of Science
Keywords: Biases in science; science skepticism; creation of doubt; sponsorship bias; evidence; confirmation
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Confirmation/Induction
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Alexander Reutlinger
Date Deposited: 21 Feb 2020 02:26
Last Modified: 21 Feb 2020 02:26
Item ID: 16934
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Confirmation/Induction
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science vs. Pseudoscience
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: 2020
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16934

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