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On the Very Idea of Distant Correlations

Gomori, Marton (2020) On the Very Idea of Distant Correlations. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Abstract Contemporary debate over laws of nature centers around Humean supervenience, the thesis that everything supervenes on the distribution of non-nomic facts. The key ingredient of this thesis is the idea that nomic-like concepts—law, chance, causation, etc.—are expressible in terms of the regularities of non-nomic facts. Inherent to this idea is the tacit conviction that regularities, “constant conjunctions” of non-nomic facts do supervene on the distribution of non-nomic facts. This paper raises a challenge for this conviction. It will be pointed out that the notion of regularity, understood as statistical correlation, has a necessary conceptual component not clearly identified before—I shall call this the “conjunctive relation” of the correlated events. On the other hand, it will be argued that there exists no unambiguous, non-circular way in which this relation could be determined. In this regard, the notion of correlation is similar to that of distant simultaneity where the necessary conceptual component is the one-way speed of light, whose value doesn't seem to be determined by matters of (non-nomic) facts.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Gomori, Martongomorim@gmail.com
Additional Information: Forthcoming in Foundations of Physics
Keywords: regularity, correlation, causal explanation, Common Cause Principle, EPR–Bell, distant simultaneity, Humean supervenience
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Conventionalism
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Depositing User: Mr. Marton Gomori
Date Deposited: 06 Feb 2020 03:52
Last Modified: 06 Feb 2020 03:52
Item ID: 16888
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Conventionalism
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Specific Sciences > Physics
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Specific Sciences > Physics > Quantum Mechanics
Date: 2020
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/16888

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