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The Comparative Psychology of Artificial Intelligences

Buckner, Cameron (2019) The Comparative Psychology of Artificial Intelligences. [Preprint]

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The last five years have seen a series of remarkable achievements in Artificial Intelligence (AI) research. For example, systems based on Deep Neural Networks (DNNs) can now classify natural images as well or better than humans, defeat human grandmasters in strategy games as complex as chess, Go, or Starcraft II, and navigate autonomous vehicles across thousands of miles of mixed terrain. I here examine three ways in which DNNs are alleged to fall short of human intelligence: that their training is too data-hungry, that they are vulnerable to adversarial examples, and that their processing is not interpretable. I argue that these criticisms are subject to comparative bias, which must be overcome for comparisons of DNNs and humans to be meaningful. I suggest that AI would benefit here by learning from more mature methodological debates in comparative psychology concerning how to conduct fair
comparisons between different kinds of intelligences.

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Item Type: Preprint
Additional Information: Added some missing references Corrected a misattribution of the animal-AI Olympics to Cambridge. Leverhulme CFI is a multi-institutional organization and the competition is being held more at Imperial College London.
Keywords: neural networks, deep learning, anthropocentrism, anthropomorphism, bias, artificial intelligence
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
Depositing User: Dr. Cameron Buckner
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2019 11:47
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2019 11:47
Item ID: 16128
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
Date: 20 May 2019

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