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Hume, the Philosophy of Science and the Scientific Tradition

Slavov, Matias (2018) Hume, the Philosophy of Science and the Scientific Tradition. The Humean Mind. pp. 388-402.

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Abstract

Although the main focus of Hume’s career was in the humanities, his work also has an observable role in the historical development of natural sciences after his time. To show this, I shall center on the relation between Hume and two major figures in the history of the natural sciences: Charles Darwin (1809–1882) and Albert Einstein (1879–1955). Both of these scientists read Hume. They also found parts of Hume’s work useful to their sciences. Inquiring into the relations between Hume and the two scientists shows that his philosophical positions had a partial but constructive role in the formation of modern biology and physics. This is accordingly a clear indication of Hume’s impact on the scientific tradition. Before proceeding to analyze Hume’s contribution to the history of science, it is important to address his broader role in the history of philosophy of science. Hume’s discussions concerning the topics of causation, induction, the distinction between mathematical and empirical propositions, and laws of nature have been important for the philosophy of science of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Slavov, Matiasmslavov@ucla.edu0000-0001-8515-2449
Keywords: Hume, logical positivism, induction, causation, laws of nature, Darwin, natural selection, Einstein, special relativity
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Logical Positivism/Logical Empiricism
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Depositing User: Dr. Matias Slavov
Date Deposited: 01 Dec 2018 03:08
Last Modified: 01 Dec 2018 03:08
Item ID: 15403
Journal or Publication Title: The Humean Mind
Publisher: Routledge
Official URL: https://www.crcpress.com/The-Humean-Mind/Coventry-...
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Laws of Nature
General Issues > Logical Positivism/Logical Empiricism
Specific Sciences > Physics > Relativity Theory
Date: 5 November 2018
Page Range: pp. 388-402
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15403

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