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Identifying Causes in Psychiatry

Kästner, Lena (2018) Identifying Causes in Psychiatry. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Explanations in psychiatry often integrate various factors relevant to psychopathology. Identifying genuine causes among them is theoretically and clinically important, but epistemically challenging. Woodward’s interventionism appears to provide a promising tool to achieve this. However, Woodward’s interventionism is too demanding to be applied to psychiatry. I thus introduce difference-making interventionism (DMI), which detects relevance in general rather than causation, to make interventionist reasoning viable in clinical practice. DMI mirrors the empirical reality of psychiatry even more closely than interventionism, but it needs to be supplied with additional heuristics to disambiguate between causes and other difference-makers. To achieve this, I suggest employing heuristics based on multiple experiments, temporal order and scientific domain.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Kästner, Lenamail@lenakaestner.de0000-0002-8747-6911
Additional Information: presented at PSA 2018 in Seattle, comments for revisions welcome
Keywords: causation, psychiatry, interventionism, manipulability, difference-making interventionism, time, scientific domain, multiple realization
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Medicine > Psychiatry
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Depositing User: Dr. Lena Kästner
Date Deposited: 21 Nov 2018 16:01
Last Modified: 25 May 2019 12:56
Item ID: 15362
Subjects: General Issues > Causation
Specific Sciences > Cognitive Science
General Issues > Experimentation
General Issues > Explanation
Specific Sciences > Medicine > Psychiatry
Specific Sciences > Psychology
Date: 1 October 2018
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15362

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