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Modeling Evolution in Theory and Practice

Plutynski, A (2001) Modeling Evolution in Theory and Practice. Philosophy of Science, 68 (S3). S225-2336.

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Abstract

This paper uses a number of examples of diverse types and functions of models in evolutionary biology to argue that the demarcation between theory and practice, or "theory model" and "data model." is often difficult to make. It is shown how both mathematical and laboratory models function as plausibility arguments, existence proofs, and refutations in the investigation of questions about the pattern and process of evolutionary history. I consider the consequences of this for the semantic approach to theories and theory confirmation. The paper attempts to reconcile the insights of both critics and advocates of the semantic approach to theories.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Plutynski, Aaplutyns@wustl.edu
Keywords: modeling, evolution, explanation, theory, data
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Depositing User: A Plutynski
Date Deposited: 15 Nov 2018 00:24
Last Modified: 15 Nov 2018 00:24
Item ID: 15333
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy of Science
Official URL: https://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/...
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Biology > Evolutionary Theory
General Issues > Models and Idealization
Date: 2001
Page Range: S225-2336
Volume: 68
Number: S3
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/15333

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