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Physical Composition by Bonding

Husmann, Julian and Näger, Paul M. (2018) Physical Composition by Bonding. [Preprint]

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Abstract

Van Inwagen proposes that besides simples only living organisms exist as composite objects. This paper suggests expanding van Inwagen’s ontology by also accepting composite objects in the case that physical bonding occurs (plus some extra conditions). Such objects are not living organ-isms but rather physical bodies. They include (approximately) the complete realm of inanimate ordinary objects, like rocks and tables, as well as inanimate scientific objects, like atoms and mol-ecules, the latter filling the ontological gap between simples and organisms in van Inwagen’s origi-nal picture. We thus propose a compositional pluralism claiming that composition arises if and on-ly if bonding or life occurs.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Husmann, Julianjulian.husmann@wwu.de0000-0002-0251-2531
Näger, Paul M.paul.naeger@wwu.de
Keywords: Bonding Composition Mereology Special composition question
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Chemistry
Specific Sciences > Physics > Classical Physics
Depositing User: Julian Husmann
Date Deposited: 24 Mar 2018 15:40
Last Modified: 24 Mar 2018 15:40
Item ID: 14492
Official URL: https://link.springer.com/chapter/10.1007/978-3-31...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-70052-6_4
Subjects: General Issues > Scientific Metaphysics
Specific Sciences > Chemistry
Specific Sciences > Physics > Classical Physics
Date: 2018
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14492

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