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Inductive Risk and Regulatory Toxicology: A Comment on de Melo-Martín and Intemann

Hicks, Daniel (2018) Inductive Risk and Regulatory Toxicology: A Comment on de Melo-Martín and Intemann. Philosophy of Science, 85 (1). pp. 164-174.

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Abstract

In a recent paper, Inmaculada de Melo-Martín and Kristen Intemann consider several ways in which, from the perspective of the argument from inductive risk, ethical and political values might "sometimes [be] necessary in decisions at the core of scientific reasoning." Specifically, they consider whether these kinds of values are logically, epistemically, pragmatically, or ethically necessary; and argue that there are significant conceptual problems in each case. In this comment, using regulatory uses of high-throughput toxicology at the US Environmental Protection Agency [EPA] as a case study, I suggest some clarifications and corrections to some of their claims about pragmatic necessity. I conclude that, while an inductive risk framework has some significant limitations, it is still conceptually and rhetorically valuable.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Hicks, Danielhicks.daniel.j@gmail.com0000-0001-7945-4416
Keywords: values in science; inductive risk; pragmatic necessity; toxicology; chemical safety; regulation; Environmental Protection Agency
Subjects: General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Depositing User: Dan Hicks
Date Deposited: 12 Jan 2018 22:03
Last Modified: 12 Jan 2018 22:03
Item ID: 14275
Journal or Publication Title: Philosophy of Science
Official URL: http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/abs/10.1086/6...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1086/694771
Subjects: General Issues > Science and Society
General Issues > Science and Policy
General Issues > Values In Science
Date: January 2018
Page Range: pp. 164-174
Volume: 85
Number: 1
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14275

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