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Is an archaeological contribution to the theory of social science possible? Archaeological data and concepts in the dispute between Jean-Claude Gardin and Jean-Claude Passeron

Plutniak, Sébastien (2017) Is an archaeological contribution to the theory of social science possible? Archaeological data and concepts in the dispute between Jean-Claude Gardin and Jean-Claude Passeron. Palethnologie, 9. pp. 7-21.

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Abstract

The issue of the definition and position of archaeology as a discipline is examined in relation to the dispute which took place from 1980 to 2009 between the archaeologist Jean-Claude Gardin and the sociologist Jean-Claude Passeron. This case study enables us to explore the actual conceptual relationships between archaeology and the other sciences (as opposed to those wished for or prescribed). The contrasts between the positions declared by the two researchers and the rooting of their arguments in their disciplines are examined: where the sociologist makes use of his philosophical training, the archaeologist relies mainly on his work on semiology and informatics. Archaeology ultimately plays a minor role in the arguments proposed. This dispute therefore cannot be considered as evidence for the movement of concepts between archaeology and the social sciences. A blind spot in the debate, relating to the ontological specificities of archaeological objects, nevertheless presents itself as a possible way of implementing this movement.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Plutniak, Sébastien0000-0002-6674-3806
Keywords: Theoretical archaeology, epistemology of social science, scientific dispute, EHESS
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology
Specific Sciences > Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Computation/Information
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Depositing User: Dr Sébastien Plutniak
Date Deposited: 27 Dec 2017 18:36
Last Modified: 25 May 2019 17:40
Item ID: 14241
Journal or Publication Title: Palethnologie
Official URL: http://blogs.univ-tlse2.fr/palethnologie/en/2017-0...
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Anthropology
Specific Sciences > Archaeology
Specific Sciences > Computation/Information
Specific Sciences > Artificial Intelligence
General Issues > History of Science Case Studies
General Issues > Philosophers of Science
Specific Sciences > Sociology
Date: December 2017
Page Range: pp. 7-21
Volume: 9
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/14241

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