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On a logical argument against the naturalizability of reference

Bianchi, Andrea (2017) On a logical argument against the naturalizability of reference. THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science, 32 (2). pp. 145-160. ISSN 2171-679X

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Abstract

Is a naturalistic account of reference possible? Here is a simple argument to the effect that it is not: Let R be the relation that allegedly naturalizes reference, and consider the predicate "being an object that does not stand in the relation R to this expression". Call this predicate "P". On the face of it, P is a counterexample to the alleged naturalization, since it appears to refer to all and only those objects that do not stand in the relation R to it. Actually, an argument like this was advanced more than twenty years ago by the late Paolo Casalegno. Although for various reasons it has not been given due attention by the philosophical community, the argument is interesting in its structure and remarkable in its conclusion. In this paper I shall reconstruct it in detail and discuss it. Then, I shall show that the argument fails, since, contrary to what Casalegno claimed, under certain conditions P is paradoxical, hence not a referring expression. My rejection builds on the fundamental distinction between simple and compound expressions, namely on the compositional structure of natural languages. If I am right, whether any attempt at naturalizing reference that takes care of this distinction will succeed remains an open empirical question.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Bianchi, Andreaan.bianchi@libero.it
Additional Information: ISSN: 0495-4548 (print)
Keywords: reference; naturalization; semantic paradoxes; compositionality
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Logic
Depositing User: Unnamed user with email theoria@ehu.es
Date Deposited: 20 Jun 2017 14:15
Last Modified: 20 Jun 2017 14:15
Item ID: 13129
Journal or Publication Title: THEORIA. An International Journal for Theory, History and Foundations of Science
Publisher: Euskal Herriko Unibertsitatea / Universidad del País Vasco
Official URL: http://www.ehu.eus/ojs/index.php/THEORIA/article/v...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1387/theoria.16803
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Mathematics > Logic
Date: May 2017
Page Range: pp. 145-160
Volume: 32
Number: 2
ISSN: 2171-679X
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/13129

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