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Three Arguments for Absolute Outcome Measures

Sprenger, Jan and Stegenga, Jacob (2017) Three Arguments for Absolute Outcome Measures. In: UNSPECIFIED.

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Abstract

Data from medical research is typically summarized with various types of outcome measures. We present three arguments in favor of absolute over relative outcome measures. The first argument is from cognitive bias: relative measures promote the reference class fallacy and the overestimation of treatment effectiveness. The second argument is decision-theoretic: absolute measures are superior to relative measures for making a decision between interventions. The third argument is causal: interpreted as
measures of causal strength, absolute measures satisfy a set of desirable properties, but relative measures don't. Absolute outcome measures outperform relative measures on all counts.


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Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Sprenger, Janj.sprenger@uvt.nl
Stegenga, Jacobjms303@cam.ac.uk
Keywords: evidence-based medicine; outcome measures; causality; cognitive bias; risk in medicine
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Decision Theory
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Depositing User: Jan Sprenger
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2017 18:04
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2017 18:04
Item ID: 12801
Subjects: General Issues > Data
General Issues > Causation
General Issues > Decision Theory
Specific Sciences > Medicine
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Date: 2017
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/12801

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