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Prediction and typicality in multiverse cosmology

Azhar, Feraz (2013) Prediction and typicality in multiverse cosmology. Classical and Quantum Gravity, 31 (3).

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Abstract

In the absence of a fundamental theory that precisely predicts values for observable parameters, anthropic reasoning attempts to constrain probability distributions over those parameters in order to facilitate the extraction of testable predictions. The utility of this approach has been vigorously debated of late, particularly in light of theories that claim we live in a multiverse, where parameters may take differing values in regions lying outside our observable horizon. Within this cosmological framework, we investigate the efficacy of top-down anthropic reasoning based on the weak anthropic principle. We argue contrary to recent claims that it is not clear one can either dispense with notions of typicality altogether or presume typicality, in comparing resulting probability distributions with observations. We show in a concrete, top-down setting related to dark matter, that assumptions about typicality can dramatically affect predictions, thereby providing a guide to how errors in reasoning regarding typicality translate to errors in the assessment of predictive power. We conjecture that this dependence on typicality is an integral feature of anthropic reasoning in broader cosmological contexts, and argue in favour of the explicit inclusion of measures of typicality in schemes invoking anthropic reasoning, with a view to extracting predictions from multiverse scenarios.


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Item Type: Published Article or Volume
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Azhar, Ferazferaz.azhar@alumni.physics.ucsb.edu
Keywords: Typicality, anthropic principle, multiverse cosmology, dark matter
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Depositing User: Dr. Feraz Azhar
Date Deposited: 27 Mar 2016 21:27
Last Modified: 27 Mar 2016 21:27
Item ID: 11994
Journal or Publication Title: Classical and Quantum Gravity
Publisher: Institute of Physics (IOP) Publishing Limited
Official URL: http://iopscience.iop.org/article/10.1088/0264-938...
DOI or Unique Handle: https://doi.org/10.1088/0264-9381/31/3/035005
Subjects: Specific Sciences > Physics > Cosmology
Specific Sciences > Probability/Statistics
Date: 24 September 2013
Volume: 31
Number: 3
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11994

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