PhilSci Archive

FRANÇOIS MAGENDIE: FROM DOGMATIC EMPIRICISM TO THE PRACTICE OF EXPERIMENTAL REASONING

Garcia, Ruth and Gonzalez Recio, Jose Luis (2015) FRANÇOIS MAGENDIE: FROM DOGMATIC EMPIRICISM TO THE PRACTICE OF EXPERIMENTAL REASONING. In: UNSPECIFIED.

[img] PDF
Francois_Magendi.pdf

Download (168kB)

Abstract

The historiographical studies focused on French nineteenth-century physiology have eventually enshrined the thesis that the need to resort to hypotheses was assumed and proclaimed for the first time within the works and scientific practice of Claude Bernard (1813-1888). His teacher, François Magendie (1783-1855), is presented as a figure that fights against vitalism and that, devoted to an absolute empiricism, only admits the bare facts as constitutive elements of science. He accepted generalizations -as long as they were not premature- from what he called materials collected within experience, but rejected that ideas or hypotheses could lead the scientific path. Although this image of Magendie is widely shared -and was even prompted by some of his statements- this paper aims to show precisely that it is an image that does not correspond to reality. Magendie did know the crucial role of hypotheses within physiological research. Not only that: he used them extensively in his scientific work and in his activity as a researcher committed to the implementation of experimental physiology.


Export/Citation: EndNote | BibTeX | Dublin Core | ASCII/Text Citation (Chicago) | HTML Citation | OpenURL
Social Networking:
Share |

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (UNSPECIFIED)
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Garcia, Ruthalythes@gmail.com
Gonzalez Recio, Jose Luisjlgr28@filos.ucm.es
Keywords: Magendie, observation, facts, hipotheses, experimental method, 19th century scientific physiology.
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Depositing User: Ms Ruth Garcia
Date Deposited: 07 Jul 2015 13:59
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2015 13:59
Item ID: 11556
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Date: 8 July 2015
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11556

Monthly Views for the past 3 years

Monthly Downloads for the past 3 years

Plum Analytics

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item