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Differentiation with stratification: a principle of theoretical physics in the tradition of the memory art

Pombo, Claudia (2015) Differentiation with stratification: a principle of theoretical physics in the tradition of the memory art. [Preprint]

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Abstract

The Art of Memory started with Aristotle's questions on memory. During its long evolution, it had important contributions from alchemist, was transformed by Ramon Llull and apparently ended with Giordano Bruno, who was considered the best known representative of this art. This tradition did not disappear, but lives in the formulations of our modern scientific theories. From its initial form as a method of keeping information via associations, it became a principle of classification and structuring of knowledge. This principle, which we here name `differentiation with stratification', is a structural design behind classical mechanics. Integrating two different traditions of science in one structure, this physical theory became the modern paradigm of science.

In this paper, we show that this principle can also be formulated as a set of questions. This is done via an analysis of theories, based on the epistemology of observational realism. A combination of Rudolph Carnap's concept of theory as a system of observational and theoretical languages, with a criterion for separating observational languages, based on analytical psychology, shapes this epistemology. The `nuclear' role of the observational laws and the differentiations from these nucleus, reproducing the general cases of phenomena, reveals the memory art's heritage in the theories. Here in this paper we argue that this design is also present in special relativity and in quantum mechanics.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Pombo, Claudiaclpombo@yahoo.com
Keywords: Structure of physical theories, observation, memory art.
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Specific Sciences > Physics
General Issues > Structure of Theories
Depositing User: Dr. Claudia Pombo
Date Deposited: 10 Apr 2015 14:39
Last Modified: 10 Apr 2015 14:39
Item ID: 11407
Official URL: http://arxiv.org/pdf/1503.07516v1.pdf
DOI or Unique Handle: arXiv:1503.07516 [physics.gen-ph]
Subjects: General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
General Issues > Laws of Nature
Specific Sciences > Physics
General Issues > Structure of Theories
Date: January 2015
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/11407

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