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Methodology of the Sciences

Patton, Lydia (2014) Methodology of the Sciences. [Preprint]

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Abstract

In the growing Prussian university system of the early nineteenth century, “Wissenschaft” (science) was seen as an endeavor common to university faculties, characterized by a rigorous methodology. On this view, history and jurisprudence are sciences, as much as is physics. Nineteenth century trends challenged this view: the increasing influence of materialist and positivist philosophies, profound changes in the relationships between university faculties, and the defense of Kant’s classification of the sciences by neo-Kantians. Wilhelm Dilthey’s defense of the independence of the methodology of the human sciences (Geisteswissenschaften) from those of the natural sciences (Naturwissenschaften) is as much a return to the ideal of Wissenschaft as a cooperative endeavor as it is a defense of the autonomy of interpretive or hermeneutic methods. The debate between Dilthey and the neo-Kantian Wilhelm Windelband at the close of the century illuminates the development of this dialogue over the nineteenth century.


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Item Type: Preprint
Creators:
CreatorsEmailORCID
Patton, Lydiacritique@vt.edu
Keywords: science, natural sciences, human sciences, methodology, history of science, history of philosophy of science
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Depositing User: Dr Lydia Patton
Date Deposited: 16 Apr 2014 11:23
Last Modified: 16 Apr 2014 11:23
Item ID: 10609
Subjects: General Issues > Explanation
General Issues > History of Philosophy of Science
Date: 2014
URI: https://philsci-archive-dev.library.pitt.edu/id/eprint/10609

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